Concise Critical Comments on the Old Testament, Robert Young, hard cover

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This book of extensive verse-by-verse comments on the literal words of the Old Testament is one of a kind. Young, the famed compiler of The Analytical
Concordance of the Bible, and the author of Young’s Literal Translation of the Bible, has extensive knowledge of the very words of the Old and New Testaments.

He does not always agree with the modern lexicons. Though he may have had access to Gesenius, he could not have seen the B-D-B Hebrew Lexicon
because it was not finished until 1909.

Young takes a verse and selects a key word, gives the literal meaning and often the grammatical setup.

For instance, in Genesis 1:1, he prefers ''preparing'' to ''creating.'' In 2:17, instead of ''you shall surely die,'' he points out that the literal words are: ''dying
you shall die'' ''This form of expression is very common in Hebrew, and denotes either the certainty of a thing or its intensity.'' The use of the same word twice in a sentence should be translated by the actual words, not just to add a helper word like ''surely.''

It soon becomes evident that we have here an extensive commentary, not just the literal meaning of words. Also he gives cross references to many other
places where the word in question is used, and often the reason for a variation due to context. In Gen. 41:14, he mentions that Joseph shaved, unusual because the Egyptians were the only people in that part of the
world who preferred a clean face, so did not wear beards. Jehovah is ''the existing One,'' the eternal uncreated ever-existing One.

There are many English words for Hebrew words which do not have general acceptance today, though they are in dictionaries. One of these is ''to sojourn,'' a 'sojourner,'' says Young is ''a foreigner who has come for a short time into the land, intending to return to his own land again, thus differing from the ''settler'' who has no such intention. For ''blessed'' he prefers ''Happy.'' In most O.T. passages ''mercy'' is literally defined as ''kindness.'' Joseph’s ''coat of many colors'' is ''a long coat, a coat for the extremities, reaching to the ankles, and to his wrists.'' On Jacob’s sentencing Tamar to death, Young points out that in those days the parent had judicial authority, and in this case
was giving the normal sentence of death for adultery.

He often gives the different translations of the Vulgate, the Septuagint, and other non-canonical works. Many references are made to Jewish writings
both as explanatory and also as an opposing view.

The cross-references given by Young are much more accurate and useful than those found in The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge. The reader may
be sure that he will find relevant and important connections with the subject being studied.

This book is so full of information that no one person could possibly assimilate any large portion of it. Young himself must have spent a lifetime putting all this together. Few men have ever accumulated so much information in one lifetime.

Robert Young (1822-1888) was a Scottish Presbyterian and highly accomplished linguist and translator.  After forty years of manual labor--including three years of type-setting alone!--his concordance was published in 1879.  616 pages, blue hard cover

 

Product Code: 1589602609

 

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